1 united or combined; "a joint session of Congress"; "joint owners" [ant: separate]
2 affecting or involving two or more; "joint income-tax return"; "joint ownership"
3 involving both houses of a legislature; "a joint session of Congress"
1 (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if the articulation allows motion) [syn: articulation, articulatio]
2 a disreputable place of entertainment
3 the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made [syn: articulation, join, juncture, junction]
4 a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion [syn: roast]
5 junction by which parts or objects are joined together
6 marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking [syn: marijuana cigarette, reefer, stick, spliff]
1 fit as if by joints; "The boards fit neatly"
2 provide with a joint; "the carpenter jointed two pieces of wood" [syn: articulate]
3 fasten with a joint
4 separate (meat) at the joint
- Rhymes with: -ɔɪnt
done by two or more people or organisations working together
- Czech: společný
- Dutch: gezamenlijk, gezamenlijke
- Finnish: yhteinen
- German: gemeinsamer, gemeinsame, gemeinsames
- Russian: совместный
- The point where two components of a structure join, but are still
able to rotate.
- This rod is free to swing at the joint with the platform.
- The point where two components of a structure join rigidly.
- The water is leaking out of the joint between the two pipes.
- Any part of the body where two bones join, in some cases allowing that part of the body to be bent or straightened.
- In the context of "carpentry": A means of joining two pieces of
wood together so that they interlock.
- The dovetail joint, while more difficult to make, is also quite strong.
- A cut of meat.
- Set the joint in a roasting tin and roast for the calculated cooking time.
- A fracture in which the strata are not offset; a geologic joint.
- A bar, nightclub or similar business.
- It was the kind of joint you wouldn't want your boss to see you in.
- (always with the) prison
- I'm just trying to stay out of the joint.
- In the context of "smoking|slang": A marijuana cigarette.
- After locking the door and closing the shades, they lit the joint.
joint with freedom to rotate
- Czech: kloub
- Finnish: nivel
- French: articulation
- German: Gelenk
- Greek: αρμός, άρθρωση
- Italian: giunto
- Russian: шарнир
- Slovak: kíb, spoj
part of the body where bones join
- Chinese: 关节
- Czech: kloub
- Dutch: gewricht
- Finnish: nivel
- French: articulation
- German: Gelenk
- Greek: κλείδωση, άρθρωση
- Russian: сустав
- Slovak: kíb
- Spanish: articulación
- Telugu: కీలు
point of a rigid joint, means of joining in carpentry
- Finnish: liitos
- German: Verbindung
- Greek: αρμός
- Russian: стык
- Dutch: (de) bak, (de) nor
- Finnish: linna
- German: Knast
- Greek: φυλακή, στενή i slang
- Italian: diaclasi
- Croatian: džoint
- Dutch: joint, stickie
- Finnish: jointti
- German: Joint
- Greek: τσιγαριλίκι qualifier slang, μπάφος, γάρο, κέρατο
- Italian: canna, spinello
- Portuguese: baseado qualifier Brasil
- Russian: косяк
- Spanish: bate qualifier Honduras, canuto, carruco qualifier Honduras, leño qualifier Honduras, porro
EtymologyFrom the verb joindre.
- /ʒwɛ̃/, /ZwE~/
A joint is the location at which two or more bones make contact. They are constructed to allow movement and provide mechanical support, and are classified structurally and functionally.
ClassificationJoints are mainly classified structurally and functionally. Structural classification is determined by how the bones connect to each other, while functional classification is determined by the degree of movement between the articulating bones. In practice, there is significant overlap between the seven types of classifications.
Terms ending in the suffix -sis are singular and refer to just one joint, while -ses is the suffix for pluralization.
Structural classificationStructural classification names and divides joints according to how the bones are connected to each other. There are three structural classifications of joints:
Functional classificationJoints can also be classified functionally, by the degree of mobility they allow:
- synarthrosis - permits little or no mobility. Most synarthrosis joints are fibrous joints.
- amphiarthrosis - permits slight mobility. Most amphiarthrosis joints are cartilaginous joints.
- diarthrosis - permits a variety of movements. All diarthrosis joints are synovial joints, and the terms "diarthrosis" and "synovial joint" are considered equivalent by Terminologia Anatomica.
Biomechanical classificationJoints can also be classified based on their anatomy or on their biomechanical properties. According to the anatomic classification, joints are subdivided into simple and compound, depending on the number of bones involved, and into complex and combination joints:
AnatomicalThe joints may be classified anatomically into the following groups:
ArthritisArthritis and direct physical trauma to a joint are the causes of joint damage. Arthritis is a group of conditions where there is damage caused to the joints of the body. Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in people over the age of 55.
There are many different forms of arthritis, each of which has a different cause. The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis (also known as degenerative joint disease) occurs following trauma to the joint, following an infection of the joint or simply as a result of aging. Furthermore, there is emerging evidence that abnormal anatomy may contribute to early development of osteoarthritis. Other forms of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, which are autoimmune diseases in which the body is attacking itself. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection. Gouty arthritis is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint that results in subsequent inflammation. Additionally, there is a less common form of gout that is caused by the formation of rhomboidal shaped crystals of calcium pyrophosphate. This form of gout is known as pseudogout.
joint in Arabic: مفصل
joint in Breton: Mell (korf)
joint in Catalan: Articulació (anatomia)
joint in Czech: Kloub
joint in Danish: Led (anatomi)
joint in German: Gelenk
joint in Spanish: Articulación (anatomía)
joint in Esperanto: Artiko
joint in French: Articulation (anatomie)
joint in Irish: Alt (anatamaíocht)
joint in Scottish Gaelic: Alt (corp)
joint in Croatian: Zglob
joint in Indonesian: Sendi
joint in Icelandic: Liðamót
joint in Italian: Articolazione
joint in Hebrew: מפרק
joint in Lithuanian: Sąnarys
joint in Dutch: Gewricht
joint in Japanese: 関節
joint in Polish: Staw (anatomia)
joint in Portuguese: Articulação
joint in Russian: Сустав
joint in Simple English: Joint
joint in Slovak: Kĺb (anatómia)
joint in Serbian: Зглоб
joint in Finnish: Nivel
joint in Swedish: Led
joint in Telugu: కీలు
joint in Thai: ข้อต่อ
joint in Yiddish: געלענק
joint in Ukrainian: Суглоб
joint in Chinese: 关节
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